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Category: Rugs and Carpets

You are cleaning up after a dinner party and then notice that someone has spilled red wine on your sparkling white shag rug. Uh oh! Don’t panic. Take a few deep breaths, calmly repeat to yourself that accidents do happen, unfortunately this happened to you but it’s not the end of the world. Save your sanity and take a look below at our handy list of different methods to remove stains of all kinds.

TYPE OF TREATMENT
1. Cold Water
2. Detergent Solution
3. Ammonia Solution
4. Solvent
5. Chill with aerosol freezing agent or ice cubes in a plastic bag (pick or scrape off gum)
6. Vinegar Solution
7. Warm Water
8. Clear Nail Polish Remover
9. Alcohol or Methylated spirited Mineral
10. Rust Remover
11. Absorbent Powder (Talc)
12. Absorbent Cleaner
*** The very first step should always be to scoop up or blot excess. ***
 
ORDER OF TREATMENT
TYPE OF SPOT STEP 1 STEP 2 STEP 3 OTHER TREATMENT
Alcoholic Beverages
1
2
 
Bleach
1
3
 
Blood
1
2
 
Butter
4
2
Absorbent paper and hot iron
Candle Wax
 
Chewing Gum
5
4
 
Chocolate
2
3
6
 
Coffee
1
2
4
 
Cola and Soft Drinks
7
2
 
Cooking Oil
4
2
 
Cream
2
4
 
Egg
2
 
TYPE OF SPOT STEP 1 STEP 2 STEP 3 OTHER TREATMENT
Felt Tip Pen
7
2
8
 
Floor Wax
4
 
Fruit Juice
1
2
 
Furniture Polish
4
2
3
 
Gravy and Sauces
7
2
 
Ink (Fountain Pen)
1
2
 
Ink (Ball Pen)
4
9
2
 
Lipstick
4
2
 
Mercurochrome
2
3
6
Repeat Step 2
Milk
7
4
2
 
Mustard
2
 
Nail Polish
8
4
 
Oil and Grease
4
2
 
Paint (Latex)
2
3
4
 
Paint (Oil)
9
4
2
 
Rust
4
2
10
 
TYPE OF SPOT STEP 1 STEP 2 STEP 3 OTHER TREATMENT
Salad Dressing
2
4
 
Shoe Polish
4
2
 
Soot
4
2
3
 
Tea
1
2
4
 
Urine (Fresh)
1
2
 
Urine (Old)
2
3
6
 
Vomit
2
 
Wine
11
1
2
 
Unknown Material
4
12
2
 

Flying moths do not eat at rugs but just one female moth can lay hundreds of eggs – these eggs hatch into larvae and these pests consume the wool and silk fibers of your rug.

Moths and their larvae thrive in darkened and undisturbed areas where a rug gets very little traffic and is not often cleaned. An infestation often involves more than one rug and can spread from woolen fabrics and furs in closets or drawers. A bad infestation sometimes leaves a cobweb-like covering in the damaged area, along with fine, granular remains – this damage isn’t difficult to repair but reweaving a large area of the rug can be quite costly.

Bare Spots in the Pile

Interestingly enough, Generally moth larvae will prefer the taste of one yarn color over another, therefore the bare spots may involve specific colors being eaten away.

Broken/Loose Piles

This damage is due to the larvae having chewed through yarn overcastings or bindings.

Cocoons

Long, lightly fuzzy cylinders that are often the same color as the rug’s pile due to larvae’s habit of camouflaging their cocoons to blend in with the colors of the wool that surrounds them.

Larvae in Pile

White, slender, worm-like larvae can often be seen just after hatching, before they’ve built their cocoons, and they are responsible for eating at the wool.

Sand-like Particles

These particles can be found down in the pile of the rug and has a tan or brown color. They have a granular look, are regular in size, and is the excretion of the larvae.

Webs

White, silky strands covering patches of the rug’s pile, indicating a bad infestation.

Rug Reweaving

When buying a good, quality carpet, you are making an investment. Whether you purchased for monetary and/or aesthetic reasons,  it is important for you to keep your new carpet looking plush and fresh. Please consider the following tips:

  • Rotate (replace or turn your carpet) at least four times a year to distribute the wear on your carpet
  • Place your rugs and carpets to one side of the room and avoid putting them in front of  high traffic areas, such as doorways.
  • Carpet protectors, made from heavy woven canvas or plastic strips. Keep in mind that this method can be a tripping hazard.
  • Do not walk on your carpets wearing heels, specifically stilettos, as they can pierce holes in the carpet, causing extreme damage.
  • Reposition your furniture often and use castor cups beneath your heavy furniture to avoid permanent indentations from the fiber being crushed.
  • Avoid keeping your carpet in direct sunlight. Sun damage causes fading, premature aging, and can cause the carpet to become lighter in certain areas (particularly when your rug is dyed with natural substances). If you cannot avoid this, rotate your rug at least twice a month. This will not stop the fading process but will instead create more even, unvarying colors as it fades.
  • When neglected, a dirty rug will show signs of untimely wear from dirt on the surface of the rug settling down into the pile and accumulating. To prevent lifting damage and the spreading of dirt, vacuum in the direction of the pile. Take special care when vacuuming the edges, particularly the fringe (though we recommend you do not vacuum the fringe area), and do not use the brush or beater bar attachment. These attachments can tear away loose fibers and/or worsen previously damaged/threadbare areas.
  • To straighten tangled fringe, flip the rug by taking hand of one end of the carpet and walking it over to the other, leaving the rug upside down and the fringe straightened. Do not brush or comb the fringe if some remain twisted; rather, gently shake the rug.

serviceppgYour Antique Carpet

Antique carpets are more often than not made from wool or silk and are susceptible to insects.

  • At least twice a year, check under your carpets and rugs and inspect thoroughly for holes, webbing, and insect droppings.
  • If any of these problems are found, carefully vacuum both sides of the carpet, using the upholstery attachment with the nozzle covered with a piece of nylon stocking; repeat once or twice a week for at least six weeks and for safety’s sake, inspect other areas of the house.

If your carpet has been  torn, has holes, or loose fringes, Beckwith Galleries provides quality services to help your carpet look new again!

Please read our previous article Cleaning & Care of Your Oriental Rug.

Abadeh rugs

Ottawa Persian rugsMade exclusively in the town of Abadeh in Iran, Abadeh or Abaadeh carpets are a type of Persian carpet. The creation process of these rugs have changed over time; women began using larger and superior looms, which lead to increasing the size and quality of the rugs. The knot density / knot count was upgraded significantly, the sides of the carpets became straighter, and cotton, which makes for a better rug, was introduced.

Arak rugs

Ottawa rugsArak rugs are made exclusively in the province of Arak, Iran; fundamentally, all rugs from Arak are thought of as Arak rugs, though a few differences in quality can be found between the general term of “Arak” and Sarouk, which is also produced in Arak. Though their designs are very similar, Arak rugs are much more coarsely knotted and generally display bold, floral medallions set against open fields.

Bakhtiari rugs

Ontario rugsThe Bakhtiari tribe, based in Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari, have been weaving rugs exported around the globe since the early 19th century. Most authentic Bakhtiari rugs are woven in Bakhtiari settled communities in west central Iran southwest of Isfahan, Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari and parts of the provinces of Isfahan, Lorestan, and eastern Khuzestan, though they were originally woven by nomadic Bakhtiari. Bakhtiari carpets are based on a cotton foundation (warp) with a wool weft and are taken from the herds belonging to the particular tribe; this leads to unique carpets that differ depending on the characteristics of each tribe’s wool – raging from dull to extremely glossy, clipped medium to high. The same can be said about the colors used; generally they feature shades of white, reds, browns, greens, and yellows, though blue does not appear in the designs. Bakhtiari carpets are widely considered to be among the most durable Persian carpets and the larger rugs tend to be very rare and harder to come by.

Bidjar Rugs

Persian Rugs OttawaBijar (or Bidjar) Kurdish rugs are woven by Gerrus Kurds in the Bijar area while a finer copy of Bijar carpets are woven by Afshar weavers who live in the Tekab and Tekkenteppe Area in Gerus. Bijar is a town in North-West Iran,approximately 45 km from Senneh (Sanandaj, known for their own Persian rugs), and are often referred to as the ‘Iron Rugs of Iran’; the Bijar rug tends to be of a finer, thinner, more Sarouk like rug and can be put into three main categories:

The differences between antique Bidjar rugs and newer Bidjar rugs are quite significant. While newer rugs are of a finer material, antique rugs are quite coarse; the warp and weft are incredibly durable and carpets of a heavier weft are both thick and straight. Antique rugs are made with wool, more often than not, but cotton is also used at times.

Gabbeh Rugs

The term Gabbeh refers to long pile tribal and village rugs and means “unclipped”. They got commercially popular in the 1980s; the oldest of the commercial array were simple, geometric shapes in un-dyed wool.  They generally lend themselves well to today’s  minimalistic modern interiors – the soft gradation of colors that is often found in many pieces is once more sought after among interior designer.

  • The knot counts are low
  • More often than not, the design is less commercials and the pile is longer.
  • Weavers would often weave long pile coarser rugs for their own use and fine tribal rugs to sell.

Isfahan Rugs

Persian Rugs OttawaThe Iranian city of Isfahan, also spelled Esfahan, produces what many consider to be the most consistenly fine wool pile rugs in the world currently. Though their quality rugs can be matched by other rugs produced by other Persian areas, Isfahan rugs are rarely considered to be of poor quality.

Rug Weaving in Isfahan blossomed in the Safavid era but the practice lay dormant once the Afghans invaded Iran, sufficiently ending the Isfahan dynasty.

Isfahani rugs and carpets generally have ivory backgrounds with blue, rose, and indigo motifs, as well as a single medallion that is surrounded with vines and palmettos. Additionally, they often have very symmetrical and balanced designs and routinely are of premium quality.

Facts about Persian Isfahan rugs

  • Isfahan rugs are knotted on cotton or silk foundations
  • Have up to 400 knots/inch
  • Often Kurk wool, which is clipped quite low, is used for the pile
  • The technical details of contemporary Isfahan rugs are of a greater importance to the weaver than artistic flair
  • The palette is usually more pastel, as the removal of strong reds makes the rugs more compatible with Western world’s decor
  • Certain Isfahani rugs became known in Western Europe as ‘Polish rugs‘, referring to carpets specifically made in Persia, woven with gold, silver and silk threads during the 16th to 18th centuries; they were then exported to the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth where the rugs were decorated with their distincitive coat of arms.

Kilim Rugs

Persian-Kilim-Red-Square-Cotton-4X4-11043Kilim rugs are flat-woven Oriental rugs without pile, similar to Navajo rugs. Collectors often hold Kilims in a higher regard because they retain the oldest, most traditional designs and colors.

More information about rugs and carpets to come!

For over 2, 500 years, oriental rugs have been used in the East by nomads and villagers for warmth and beauty. More recently in the West, they have graced homes with their art and luxury, and go with any decor. An Oriental rug is a purchase for a lifetime and when properly maintained will last for generations. The information below offers simple, basic advice for the protection and care of your investment.

The Wonders of Wool

Oriental rugs are generally made of wool and are easily and economically maintained. Rugs of wool are extremely durable and consistently out-perform other materials. Unlike other fibers, wool is much more resilient, cleans better, and stays clean longer.

Cleaning

Your trusted professional Oriental rug cleaners will insure a skilled cleaning that brings out the richness of color and softness of the wool. Depending on the amount of traffic, a professional washing is recommended every one to three years for the cleaning of your oriental rug.

Note: Never dry clean or steam clean your rug or carpet!

Dry cleaning is a chemical process that is detrimental to the lifespan of your handknotted wool and silk rug.

Steam cleaning leaves chemicals in the fiber, which is harmful to the longevity of the fine wool rug. Steam cleaning renders the wool material rough by removing its natural oils. The damage cannot be reversed!

Rotation

To insure even wear, your rug should be rotated once a year. Depending on the traffic, the rotation may vary from six months to two years.

Vacuuming

Oriental rugs, like most carpeting, should be vacuumed on a regular basis to remove dirt and restore life to the fibers. Be sure not to vacuum the fringe.

Padding

A quality pad used under your rug helps protect it from dirt, wear and slippage. We will be happy to provide you with the correct padding.

Restoration – Refringing and or Reweaving

In case of damage, just about any problem has a solution with a professional restoration. Old and antique rugs sometimes need to be rewoven where worn and restored to life. Newer rugs are rarely in need of repair. An experienced professional must always be consulted in these matters.

Refringing rugs in Ottawa Quality carpets and rugs purchased from Beckwith Galleries, when properly serviced and attended to, can last several years. Unfortunately, though, with regular use, wear and tear can occur. As mentioned above, routine vacuum cleaning and foot traffic can deteriorate the fringes of your carpet or rug, whether partly or completely.

Beckwith Galleries has significant expertise in carpet restoration; our skillful specialists will first clean your carpet, examine the scope of the damage, remove the damaged fringing, and replace it with newly hand knotted thread. Please contact Beckwith Galleries and we can arrange to have your beloved carpet or rug looking as good as new!

Blotting & Stain Removing

When spills occur, dilute with plenty of water. Next, blot from the edge of the spill towards the center. Avoid rubbing the area. For solid spills, take a spoon and carefully scoop-up the material. It is always best to attack the spill immediately. To help you eliminate most stains, please view our online Spot Removal Guide.

For further advice, visit our contact page or email us directly. We will be glad to help.